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IRTG / Soft Matter Science
Freiburger Materialforschungszentrum
Stefan-Meier-Str. 21
79104 Freiburg, Germany


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You are here: Home Events Lectures "Standing wave and local spectroscopy using an STM" Dr. Laurent Simon (IS2M LRC7228 Mulhouse)

Lectures "Standing wave and local spectroscopy using an STM" Dr. Laurent Simon (IS2M LRC7228 Mulhouse)

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Lectures: 8/02/11 (14h-16h), 10/02/11 (14h-16h)

  • Lecture
When Feb 08, 2011 02:15 PM to
Feb 10, 2011 04:00 PM
Where Physics Tower, Room 315
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The interaction of a 2D electron gas with defect surfaces generates standing waves pattern which can be directly imaged by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy. This is one of the most important manifestations of electron-electron interactions. In this lecture we will give a general description of the screening in a free electron gas (Thomas Fermi, Lindhard Theory). We will then give generalities on the band structure of noble metals; the generation of surface states (for example Shockley states) and their interaction with surface defects. We will describe how to measure directly the local density of states using Lock-in amplifier (Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy and dI/dV map). With the use of dI/dV map images we will see how it is possible to measure the Schockley states band structure dispersion. An original method to use the standing wave pattern obtained with an STM was first initiated by Sprunger et al [1] who showed the possibility to use STM to image the surface Fermi contour of a metal surface directly by performing the power spectrum of a topographic image of a complex “electron sea” pattern. He opened a new STM approach called Fourier Transform Scanning Tunneling Microscopy. We will show that the power spectrum features can easily be deduced in a first approximation on the basis of the joint density of state (JDOS), which can be evaluated by a simple geometrical construction. This opens the route to characterize more realistic surface Fermi contour. Starting from simple isotropic Fermi contours provided by Shockley states in metals, we will illustrate the possibilities of this approach and show how the JDOS is a probe of the contour topology for more complex systems such as high Tc Supraconductor [2], semi-metal [3] and more recently graphene[4] which provides interesting topological singularities.

[1] Sprunger P T, Petersen L, Plummer E W, Lægsgaard E and Besenbacher F 1997 Science 275 1764
[2] McElroy K, Simmonds RW, Hoffman J E, Lee D-H, Orenstein J, Elsaki H, Uchida S and Davis J C 2003 Nature 422 592
[3] Vonau F, Aubel D, Gewinner G, Pirri C, Peruchetti J C, Bolmont D and Simon L 2004 Phys. Rev. B 69 081305R, Vonau F, Aubel D, Gewinner G, Peruchetti J C, Bolmont D and Simon L 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 95 176803
[4] L. Simon et al Eur. Phys. J. B 69, 351-355 (2009). B. Premlal et al APL 94 263115.1 (2009), G. M. Rutter et al Science 317 (2007) 219. I. Brihuega et al Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 (2008) 206802, M. Cranney et al EPL 91 (2010) 66004.

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